Articles & Publications


“Twelve Other Carmakers Move to Support Government Enforcement of Uniform Emissions Standards.  — Will the DOJ Investigate?”  Wolters Kluwer Law & Business, Antitrust Blog, (Nov. 7, 2019)?   ??

“The DOJ ?Investigates Car Manufacturers for ‘Collusion’ in their Framework Agreement with California on Gas Mileage and Emissions Standards:  Sounding the Depths of Prosecutorial Discretion on Anticompetitive Collusion as Distinguished from Procompetitive Collaboratoin,” Wolters Kluwer Law & Business, Antitrust Blog, (Oct. 15, 2019)?; Also available at the e-Competition Bulletin of Concurrences:

‘Practicing before the Agencies’ (compendium of chapters on various aspects of antitrust advocacy before the DOJ and FTC), co-editor, Wolters Kluwer Law & Business online (2017)

“In re LIBOR:  More LIght Please! — Questions and Observations as the Decision Dismissing Antitrust Claims for Lack of Antitrust Inujry Now Faces Appellate Review,” Wolters Kluwer Law & Business, Antitrust Blog, (Jan. 28, 2015) here and article (59 pages) here.  (Republished by Competition Policy International in monthly selection of ‘Blog o’ Blogs, Feb. 17, 2015,

“A Legal Rationale for Liability Under Section 2 of the Sherman Act for Patent ‘Hold-up’ by Patent Assertion Entities with Respect to Standard Essential Patents,” Wolters Kluwer Law & Business, Antitrust Blog, (May 8, 2013).

“‘Most Favored Nations’ Clauses under the Spotlight:  U.S. v. Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan — When Might Otherwise Competitively Neutral or Procompetitive MFN Clauses Violate the Antitrust Laws?”, Wolters Kluwer Law & Business, Antitrust Blog, (Jan. 6, 2011). 

“Evidence-Based Clinical Guidelines:  An Rx for Better Quality, an Opportunity for Exclusionary Conduct Under the Antitrust Laws, or a Little of Both,” Connections (American Health Lawyers Association) (Aug. 2010) (with M. Mattioli)

“Down the rabbit hole with Rambus,”Gobal Competition Review (July 2009)  

  “’Analyze This!’  Deconstructing Rambus Following the Supreme Court’s Denial of Certiorari – The Mechanics of How the D.C. Circuit’s Decision ‘Jumped the Tracks’,” Commentary, American Antitrust Institute (available at (April 27, 2009)

“Connecticut Attorney General Investigation and Settlement Highlights Possible Applicability of Antitrust Standard Setting Law to the Development of Clinical Practice Guidelines,” Antitrust Health Care Chronicle (Health Care and Pharmaceuticals Committee, ABA Antitrust Section) (Nov. 2008); Health Lawyers Weekly, Vol. VI, Issue 46 (American Health Lawyers Association) (Dec. 2008) 

Rambus v. Federal Trade Commission:  It’s Not Over Until It’s Over’,” Global Competition Review (online) May 20, 2008 (with David Balto)

 “’Connection restored’:  Broadcom v. Qualcomm appellate reversal on FRAND licensing obligation for wireless technology standard brings case back into line with mainstream antitrust precedent” (in materials for “Standards Bodies & Patent Pools,” Law Seminars International conference) (Oct. 10, 2007)

“’Can you hear us now?’ – Did the Rambus decision fall on deaf ears?” Global Competition Review (Dec. 2006 – Jan. 2007)

“Developments:  Dentsply – Monopolization Enforcement with Teeth,” Antitrust (Summer 2005) (with Ron Davis)

 “The Antitrust Risks of Unilateral Conduct in Standard Setting, In the Light of the FTC’s Case Against Rambus Inc.,” The Antitrust Bulletin (Fall 2004) (with Michael Naughton)

“U.S. Private Antitrust Litigation” (in “Getting the Deal Through:  Private Antitrust Litigation 2004,” Global Competition Review) (Oct. 2003)  

“Hatch-Waxman and Generic Entry – Pharmaceuticals on the Antitrust Radar” (in course materials for June 2003 ABA/Stanford Conference on Antitrust in the Technology Economy) (May 2003)

“Mergers and Acquisitions:  U.S. Government Antitrust Analysis and Enforcement – Focus on the Pharmaceutical Industry” (in course materials for June 2003 ABA/Stanford Conference on Antitrust in the Technology Economy) (May 2003)

“The FTC’s Use of Disgorgement in Antitrust Actions Threatens to Undermine the Efficient Enforcement of Federal Antitrust Law,” The Antitrust Source (ABA Antitrust Section online magazine) (Sept. 2002 (with David Park)

“The FTC’s Use of Disgorgement in Antitrust Actions – Origins and Implications” (published in course materials for 50th Annual Spring Meeting, ABA, Antitrust Section)

“Mergers and Acquisitions:  United States Government Antitrust Analysis and Enforcement” (in General Counsel Conference book, Law Journal/Seminars Press, June  2000, -01, -02), (in Tulane Law School Continuing Legal Education, Feb. 2001)

“Premerger Review:  Making the Case for Efficiencies . . . to a Possibly More Receptive Audience:  Lessons from the Blocked Heinz/Beech Nut Merger,” Antitrust Counselor magazine (March 2002)

“Contemporary Antitrust Federalism:  Cluster Bombs or Rough Justice?” (chapter in Antitrust Law in New York State, 2d ed.) (New York State Bar Association, 2002)

“Mergers and Acquisitions:  U.S. Government Antitrust Enforcement and Analysis” (in Annual  Antitrust  Law  Institute seminar book,  Practicing Law Institute, 1996, -97, -98, -99, 2000 and 2001)

“Tying and Exclusive Dealing” (in Distribution and Dealer Termination seminar book, Law Journal/Seminars Press, 1995, -96, -97, -98, -99, 2000 and 2001)

“Resale Price Maintenance:  Review and Analysis of the Law and Recent Developments” (in Distribution and Dealer Termination seminar book, Law Journal/Seminars Press, 1996, -97, -98, -99, 2000 and 2001)

“Q and A on Territorial and Customer Restraints” (in Distribution and Dealer Termination seminar book, Law Journal/Seminars Press, 1997, -98, -99, 2000 and 2001)

“Entering European Innovation Markets:  Antitrust Implications of Innovation Markets and Intellectual Property Licensing – A U.S. Perspective,” presented at conference co-sponsored by the University of Lund and IDEON, Lund, Sweden, Feb. 3-4, 2000

“Perspectives on Healthcare Antitrust:  Recent Hospital Merger Enforcement; Retrospective on FTC Enforcement Actions, 1988-92” (in conference book for American Health Lawyers Association — “Antitrust in the Healthcare Field,” Feb. 17, 2000)

“Refusals to Deal and Exclusionary Access:  Issues Common to Joint Ventures, Networks and Standard Setting” (in conference book for “Cutting Edge Antitrust,” Law Seminars International, Feb. 17, 2000)

“Au delà de l’affaire Microsoft, la législation antitrust américaine” (two-part article), Les Echos (French business daily), April 13-14, 1999

“DOJ and FTC Antitrust Enforcement – Review and Analysis,” Antitrust Report, July 1998 (Matthew Bender)

Commentary:  The Role of Economists in Antitrust Law (Global Competition Review (U.K.), June/July 1998)

“Antitrust, Intellectual Property, Standards and Interoperability” (in Annual “Intellectual Property Antitrust” seminar book, PLI, June 1998)

“Distribution and Dealer Termination” (National Alcohol Beverage Control Association Conference, March 1998)

“Restraints on Access:  Antitrust and Intellectual Property Licensing Issues Concerning Standards and Networks” (in Corporate Counsel Intellectual Property Institute course book, January 1998)

Commentary:  “U.S. Antitrust Law Today” (in An International Who’s Who of Competition Lawyers, Law Business Research, 1997 and 1998)

“Antitrust in the International Setting,” (Ohio CLE Annual Antitrust Institute: “Government Criminal Investigations in the 90s,” Nov. 1997; selected for publication in Corporate Counsel Resource Journal:  Corporate Toolbox for Global Business, Ohio CLE)

“U.S. Fax Paper Case Sets Extraterritorial Precedent” (in Global Competition Review,  June/July 1997; also published in International Legal Strategy, Summer 1997 (Japanese); Wirtschaftsrechliche Beratung, Fall 1997; Revue de Droit des Affaires Internationales, Fall 1997; Derecho de los Negocios, Fall 1997)

“Technology Licensing:  The New European Community Technology Transfer Block Exemption” (International Legal Strategy, June 1996; Intellectual Property – Worldwide, New York Law Publishing, July/August 1997)

“Licensing Issues:  Patent Misuse and Antitrust” (American Intellectual Property Law Association conference book, Jan. 1997; Intellectual Property – Worldwide, New York Law Publishing, May/June 1997)

“Kodak Loses Antitrust Jury Verdict:  New Antitrust Risks and How to Protect Against Them” (International Legal Strategy, Nov. 1995; Wirtschaftsrechliche Beratung, Dec. 1996)

“Japanese Companies Enter Pleas, Agree to Cooperate in Major U.S. Criminal Antitrust Investigation:  How the Government Does It and Lessons to be Learned” (International Legal Strategy, Oct. 1996)

“Antitrust Issues in Trademark Licensing” (in International Trademark Association conference book, May 1996)

“The 1995 Joint International Antitrust Guidelines — What They Mean for Foreign Companies” (in International Legal Strategy, April 1995; Wirtschaftsrechliche Beratung, Dec. 1995; Derecho de los Negocios, June 1996; Droit et pratique du commerce international, 1996)

Article on non-statutory labor exemption for antitrust (National Law Journal, June 5, 1995)

“Antitrust Federalism” (chapter in Antitrust Law in New York State) (New York State Bar Association, 1995)


Presenter, “Antitrust Issues and Developments” — 100-minute audio program (Celesq Programs in Partnership with Thomson Reuters/West).  Nov. 21, 2019.  For access, possible CLE credit, contact RW.

Panelist, NY State Bar 90-minute CLE program on parallel conduct, ‘plus factors’ and the summary judgment standard in antitrust conspiracy cases.  Feb. 27, 2019.  For more information and free video access, contact RW.

Panelist and Organizer, Lawline ‘hot topics’ 90-minute video CLE program (with two fellow antitrust attorneys, an antitrust economist and an IP attorney).  Feb. 21, 2019.  For more information and free video access, including possible CLE credit, contact RW.

Panelist, “FRAND determination and antitrust:  what is a fair FRAND,” International League of Competition Law, Annual Conference, Kiev, Ukraine, Sept. 20, 2012  (Panel presentation on standard setting and licensing commitments to standard setting organizations under U.S. antitrust and intellectual property law)

Guest lecturer on antitrust and standard setting:  Fordham University School of Law, Seminar on Antitrust and Intellectual Property (Prof. M. Patterson), Nov. 14, 2012

Panelist, “Three Faces of Frand:  The Evolving Understanding of Standards Essential Patents,” ABA webinar, Science & Technology and Intellectual Property Sections, March 27, 2012

Co-moderator/panelist, “The Draft EU Guidelines on Standard Setting,” Teleseminar, ABA Science & Technology and Antitrust Sections, Oct. 13, 2010, audio available at 

Conferee, “Standards Summit,” Yale Law School Information Society Project, Nov. 21, 2008 (‘summit’ of selected professionals in IT, standard-setting and law convened to formulate ‘specific, actionable reform recommendations to the global community of IT standards stakeholders’)

Panel moderator, “Standard Setting & Patent Pools” conference, Law Seminars International, Oct. 2-3, 2008, Arlington, Va.:  “Tips for Determining ‘Reasonable’ Royalties – The impact of recent case law on the economic analysis of determining a ‘reasonable’ royalty and the practical impact on licensing negotiations”

Lectures on antitrust developments:  Trinity College, Spring 2001; Columbia University Business School, Spring 2001, -02, -03, -05

Interviews on French-language CBC Radio Canada weekly business broadcast, “Les Affaires et la Vie”:  “Microsoft Contre le Gouvernement des Etats-Unis, May 23, 1998 (on U.S. monopolization law in context of Microsoft suit); “Standard Oil et la Fusion Mobil-Exxon,” Dec. 5, 1998; “La Fusion AOL/Time Warner et les Effets sur le Contentieux Microsoft,” Jan. 15, 2000;  Microsoft decision on liability, April 3, 2000 (evening news, Montreal); Microsoft decision on remedies, June 7, 2000 (evening news, Toronto); “Microsoft:  la Décision de la Cour d’Appel,” June 30, 2001.